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道教修炼学的阶次--田诚阳

道教修炼学的阶次

中华丹道修炼,包括筑基炼己、炼精化炁、炼炁化神、炼神还虚、炼虚合道等五层阶次。

下面作以简要介绍:

 一、筑基炼己

筑基炼己阶段,天元丹法称为"筑基",人元丹法称为"炼己",其实均为筑基之义。此步功夫如同盖房子打地基的阶段,是一切修炼的基础工作。筑基的程度越深,往上修炼的层次也就越高。此步功夫的方法一般包括止念、入静、聚性、回光、独立、调息、吐纳、咽津、导引等等,因为老师传授不同而略有差异。筑基的作用是为了补足精炁神三宝之亏损,为修炼内丹作好药物方面的准备工作。可以初步达到祛病健体、调和身心、延年益寿之效果,享受现实的人生。

二、炼精化炁

炼精化炁,是将自身元精化为阳炁,通过周天火候运行任督二脉,采入丹田,使得神炁合一,又称"小周天"。采炼日久,可以炼丹。此步功夫主要针对中老年人说法,补足后天亏损,达到返老还童、恢复青春的目的。

三、炼炁化神

炼炁化神,是在返还童体之后,周身关窍进一步打开,经脉俱通,又称为"大周天"。此时人身之炁进一步与天地之炁相合,天人感应,而后采取太虚中先天之一炁,配合自己元神而修炼之。使得神炁抟结,结胎于中下二田之间,和合凝集,以养大丹。丹书云:"金丹一粒吞入腹,始知我命不由天。"此时阳神成就,可证肉体长生。性命合一,进入混沌,如同胞胎婴儿,称为返老还童。

四、炼神还虚

经过炼精化炁的阶段之后,即由肉体修炼(又称仙功)转入精神修炼(又称道功),进一步涵养自己阳神,使其归于虚无,又谓之"真空炼形"。是为返童还婴。此步功夫,可以达到阳神出窍,谓之"出神"。

五、炼虚合道

炼虚合道,又称"粉碎虚空"。进一步将先天虚无之阳神,合于遍布万化、无所不在之大道,出现"百千万亿化身"。即《庄子》所云:"上与宇宙同体"是也。此时形神俱妙, 与道合真,可谓返虚合道,功成道备。

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