Six centuries ago before the
Christian era, Lao Zi wrote the Tao-te Ching book that records Taoist
teachings starting from the Yellow Emperor (2697 - 2599 B.C.). The Tao-te
Ching is the supreme sacred book of Taoism and it is also the beginning
of Chinese traditional philosophy. The Tao-te Ching contains around
5000 words and is the origin of all books written until now and has
been the second most published book in the world after the Bible. In
the Tao-te Ching, Lao Zi states that the Tao gave origin to the Universe
(Chapter 1); also: "I do not know who created the Tao but I know
that he is before God" (Chapter 4).
For this reason, Taoism is not a religion that
holds God as the Supreme Being. We can compare Taoism with monotheism.
The Tao has a double nature: the origin of everything rational and the
origin of divine nature.